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The app will prompt you to adjust your phone to make sure you capture your document effectively. These prompts will appear in a text box at the top of your screen. Move your phone around the document until the app recognises it. The chip is located in different places in different documents. Do not move the phone until this message appears and the check is complete. If this happens, you should slowly move your phone around the document until the app recognises it. Details of how you can do this are provided in the application.

Your document will be returned to you using recorded delivery. The screen will flash as it scans your face. You can skip this step and provide different evidence to prove your identity if flashing light may cause you difficulties. To help us improve GOV. This permits up to basic message phrases to be broadcast. The new ALERT protocols significantly increased the efficiency of message coding, shortening the basic message content from 18 to 11 bits.

In conjunction with the revised location codes, which saved 17 of the 33 bits previously assigned, this allowed the great majority of traffic messages to be broadcast using a single TMC data sequence. In , ECMT recommended moving forward with further testing of the protocols.


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Each traffic incident is binary-encoded and sent as a TMC message. Each message consists of an event code, location code, expected incident duration, affected extent and other details. The message contains a list of up to event phrases defined by 11 binary bits of which were in use as of that can be translated by the receiver into the user's language. Some phrases describe individual situations such as a crash, while others cover combinations of events such as construction causing long delays.

In Europe, location code tables are maintained on a national level. Those location tables are integrated in the maps provided by in-vehicle navigation system companies such as HERE Technologies and TomTom and by vehicle manufacturers such as Volvo. In other countries, such as the U. Sources of traffic information typically include police, traffic control centers, camera systems, traffic speed detectors, floating car data , winter driving reports and roadwork reports. TMC-Forum, a non-profit organization whose members included service providers, receiver manufacturers, car manufacturers, map vendors, broadcasters public and private , automobile clubs, and public authorities, was a forum to discuss traffic information related matters.

Each RDS-TMC traffic message comprises 37 data bits sent at most 1—3 times per second, using a low capacity data channel primarily designed for FM radio station name identification and tuning. Almost all the other broadcast data bits were already assigned from each bit RDS Group. A major design challenge of RDS-TMC was to find a way of describing traffic event locations across an entire state or country.

The precision of each traffic event's location is low compared to that of modern smartphone devices.


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  • The user's navigation system locates a driver to about 3 metres 10 feet , but only knows, for example, that a crash took place between Exit 3 and Exit 4, northbound on a particular motorway. This limitation requires that traffic events accidents, congestion, burst water mains, faulty traffic lights, etc. If the nearest location table point lies at some distance from the exact position of the incident, then the report appears on a section of main road between two junctions instead of at its exact location.

    The limited precision can make a significant difference as to how navigation devices interpret the incident, potentially leading to an occasional poor route choice. On motorways and other major roads, there are typically few or no detours available between significant junctions, which are all included in the TMC location tables. Many traffic report locations are only approximate, and as queues grow, locations can change swiftly. So GPS-based systems are more precise , but are not necessarily more accurate.

    The presentation, entitled "Unusual Car Navigation Tricks", raised the point that RDS-TMC is a wireless cleartext protocol and showed how to build a receiver and transmitter with inexpensive electronics capable of injecting false and potentially dangerous messages. Detailed instructions and schematics were published in Issue No. The TMC Forum responded by stating that the effects of any 'pirate' TMC broadcasts would be non-existent on users not on routes affected by fake obstruction messages and that such broadcasts would directly interfere with that country's TMC carrier station, which would lead to criminal or civil liability.

    They stated that it was therefore unlikely that such activity would take place. Actual RDS-TMC attacks have been known to occur, for instance in Belgium in where road users were warned of "air raids on the E40 road" in March and that "firefights broke out on the E17" in August [22]. Official government advice was to ignore these messages, local police services admitted that locating the source of the transmissions was going to be difficult and that - even though clearly communication laws were broken - arrests or convictions were unlikely. Satellite TMC receivers use a dedicated data channel that is broadcast as part of much larger broadcast digital audio channels.

    TMC data is decoded by matching event and location codes against look-up tables of phrases and locations. The results can be translated into audio or visually displayed on a Sat nav device. The look-up tables must be implemented in a service-specific database mapped to geographic routes and intersections.

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    As with the navigation systems themselves, periodic upgrades are needed as the road system changes. This provides opportunities for vendors to generate revenue. More recently, personal navigation devices PND have emerged as an alternative way to deliver traffic information via mobile devices employing GPS. One reason is that the use of mobile devices is attracting legislative attention due to concerns about driver distraction.

    Like car radios , in-vehicle navigation systems have not so far generated the same concerns and may continue to outsell handheld solutions. They can include a bluetooth or USB connection.

    The adapter passes traffic messages to the navigation software for route calculations. In some places, TMC coverage is smaller than that of the radio programme carrying the TMC service, therefore white spots exist. For example, in the US, one of the two TMC commercial services is run by Clear Channel Communications , whose 95 FM station urban markets typically have some level of traffic information service. Another is Sirius Satellite Radio , which covers all of North America, including sparsely-populated rural areas and near-empty deserts.

    Although vendors are beginning [ citation needed ] to make arrangements with information systems such as CARS, operated by state police and state departments of transportation, coverage is likely to remain sketchy in some states during the next few years. However, since the broadcast is encrypted it does not work on in-car GPS navigation systems that do not have a commercial arrangement with SUNA. Its location table contains around 8, codes. Mediamobile Nordic plans to broadcast traffic information in the Baltic region. Mediamobile has a traffic information center in Estonia for the Nordic region.

    It is the only fully Belgian service. Coverage of transmissions and content are limited to Wallonia and Brussels. Technum creates the location tables by order of the regional communities. Since December broadcast messages use location table version 1.

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    The latest version is 2. The service is provided by TrafficNav, [37] a Budapest based traffic information company in cooperation with the broadcast hardware manufacturer Kvarta. The service can be accessed by most Garmin navigation devices and will soon be supported in several factory car navigation devices. Its current version is 4. Content consists of closures, road restrictions and winter maintenance across the country, accident information from rescue services and detailed content from TIC Prague. Information were provided by Teleasist together with Global Assistance. TMC service switched off in DRD is also responsible for the location table.

    The current version is V-Traffic, the commercial service in Finland, is provided by MediaMobile since The service covers the largest cities and roads 1—, covering the whole country. V-Traffic uses several information sources to broadcast validated traffic data, including floating car data as well as data from public authorities, traffic cameras, radio stations, road users and several partnership companies. The service is encrypted, based on specifications set by the TISA. The location table is public and provided by Finnish Traffic Agency.

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    The service is not encrypted, but restricts access using different location table numbers. The latest version Germany offers both public and commercial services. The public service is an open, free service that can be received via public radio stations. The service went live across Germany at the beginning of It is an encrypted service based on the conditional access specifications of the TMC Forum. In version 5. The current version [41] is A TMC-service has been available in the Attica region since September , to be rolled out for nationwide coverage in By continuing to use this site, you agree to our use of cookies.

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